1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 | 44 | 45 | 46 |


Heard Island
Heard Island and the McDonald Islands are Australian territories and World Heritage sites. They were unknown until the mid 19th century, but within 30 years of their discovery by sealers and whalers, nnearly the entire fur seal and elephant seal populations were decimated. These colonies are only now  re-establishing themselves. Heard Island and McDonald Islands are located in the Southern Ocean, approximately 1,700 km from the Antarctic continent and 4,100 km south-west of Perth, Australia. Captain John Heard, an American sealer on the ship Oriental sighted the island on 25th November 1853 en route from Boston to Melbourne, officially reported the discovery on December 24th December and had the island named after him. Coincidentally, Captain William McDonald aboard the Samarang discovered the McDonald Islands close to Heard Island shortly afterwards on January 4th 1854.

 

Among the icebergs of the Antarctic circle, Joseph offers wonderful descriptions of their shapes and appearance:

One we passed...looked something like an Iron clad Ship with a splendid ram in front, it was beautiful blue color, & the summit was frosted with snow, giving it the appearance of a Lion's mane.

...we passed numbers of icebergs, looking like the Chalk Cliffs of Dover...

...the largest iceberg we have yet seen... looked like a piece of plowed land in winter, covered in snow.

...one large one looked exactly like the pictures we see of the Coliseum at Rome; another like the great fort at Sheerness, and while we were gazing at it, one of the natives of that port sang out "Change here for Sheerness!"

...at night passed an immense iceberg shaped like a Castle on the summit of a Cliff....

...the icebergs were all shapes and sizes, from a Gothic cathedral to a haystack...

...we passed one on the night of the 14th, which looked something like Windsor Castle....one of the men even said, he had often paid a penny in England to see not half such a sight.

Enthralled by their beauty, he is however fully aware of the danger the Challenger faces:

Her course was much impeded by the great lumps of floating ice, & the roar they made against the bows of the vessel during the night, I hall never forget. It was like thunder more than anything else, & the grinding nose woke all who were in their hammocks, and nearly everyone was on deck. It was a beautiful sight to see the ship ploughing her way thro' it, & the light emitted from the ice made it nearly as light as day.